History of make smart building
History of make smart building – The first smart homes were ideas, not actual structures.Prolific writers, such as Ray Bradbury, imagined a future where homes were interactive, and seemingly ran themselves.
in History of make smart building Many technology historians point to Nikola Tesla’s creation of a remote control for a toy–way back in 1898–as the true beginning of easily accessible consumer-oriented automation. As promising as this was, it would be several decades before electrical appliances became commonplace in the home, and even longer before technology could really deliver on the promise of a futuristic home incorporating those appliances, controlled remotely.
Technological advancements of building construction sector in the 21st century has been beyond people’s anticipation (Aldrich, 2003). Emergence of electricity into residential spaces during the previous century was one of the first impetus for this change. It also facilitated the industry to introduce various novel home products. Besides, advancement of IT/ICT was another key player empowering such changes (Aldrich, 2003). IT/ICT enabled information exchange among people, appliances, systems and networks. A historical timeline to illustrate how these alterations led to preparation of a seedbed for the emergence of smart homes is expressed.
Date of building intelligence count
Less than a decade after the U.S. declared independence from England, Nikola Tesla invented the first remote control (to remotely control a boat)
1901 – 1920
During the History of make smart building ,The invention of home appliances – Although home appliances aren’t what we’d consider “smart,” they were an incredible achievement in the early twentieth century. These achievements began with the first engine-powered vacuum cleaner in 1901. A more practical electricity-powered vacuum was invented in 1907. Throughout two decades refrigerators would be invented, as well as clothes dryers, washing machines, irons, toasters, and so much more.
The early 1900s
Fast-forward a few centuries, and the Industrial Revolution has paved the way for the invention of the first home appliances. Granted, they weren’t smart but they were absolute game-changers for early 20th century folks – at least, the wealthy ones. 1901 saw the introduction of the first vacuum cleaner, and over the next few decades, the world’s minds rolled out the washing machine, clothes dryer, clothes iron, home refrigerator, electric dishwasher, garbage disposal, and many other home appliances that today we take for granted.
As a result of manpower shortage, employment of electrical home appliances was introduced for the first time. These included the use of vacuum cleaners, food processors and sewing machines. It was advertised that, employing these machines, one person is enough to perform all the households even with adequate time for leisure.
Since women had less time to spend for households during this period, introduction of new home technologies elevated the living standards. For instance, use of washing machines permitted clothes to be washed more often. Likewise, use of vacuum machines allowed floors to be cleaned more frequently.
By the 1930s, inventors had already turned their imagination to home automation. Although the technology was still many decades off, the World’s Fair introduced the concept of automated home and smart appliances. Spectators were, unsurprisingly, fascinated with the idea.
In the History of make smart building , we come to World War II. During the World War II, governments obliged women to cover for men sent for war services. The urgency to assign ladies replace men working outside provided new frontiers for ladies to get involved in out-of-home experiences. This paved the way for the uptake of new domestic technologies after the war. These technologies supported women to maintain their job outside the house as the household chores could be handled quicker.
As a post war approach, governments proliferated to send ladies back home and free up job opportunities for men returning to civil life. During these years, home design began to reflect new ways of living alongside modern technologies. New kitchen designs emerged to accommodate refrigerators, electric cookers, washing machines, etc.
After the 1940 invention of the electrical digital computer, the 1940s through the 1960s saw computer technology come into its own. In 1966, Westinghouse engineer Jim Sutherland created the ECHO IV, which was the first true home automation device, controlling temperature and appliances, and allowing for inputting and later retrieval of shopping lists, recipes, and other family memos. 1969 ushered in the true connected universe with the introduction of ARPAnet, the precursor to the Internet we know today.
The 1950s attempts to encourage women to stay- at- home were overturned during the ‘swinging 60s’. During these years, emergence of contraceptive medicines and the choice to decide whether and when to have children provided higher chances for women to work outside. Consequently, several new labor-saving home appliances such as kettles, toasters, cookers, coffee/tea makers, food processors, etc were introduced.
1966 – 1967
ECHO IV and the Kitchen Computer –Although it was never commercially sold, the ECHO IV was the first smart device. This clever device could compute shopping lists, control the home’s temperature and turn appliances on and off. The Kitchen Computer, developed a year later, could store recipes.
brought the X10 Home Automation Project. We’re finally getting into the territory of practical devices for actual homes. The X10 devices worked with a building’s existing AC wiring and controlled small appliances and lighting fixtures.
Use of technological/electrical home appliances was widespread by this period. Three quarters of British households had color TVs. By the end of 1980s, half of British families had video recorders as well . A wide variety of electronic devices became available ranging from cordless/mobile phones to entertaining devices such as PlayStations. Migration of PCs from exclusively-for workplaces to houses blurred the distinction between home and work. Moreover, emergence of Internet allowed numerous new services namely, online banking, shopping and information acquisition.
Following the History of make smart building , we come to the 80s. were a game changer for everyday consumers. Motion-sensing lights, automatic garage door openers, programmable thermostats, and security systems were now commonplace and affordable. In 1984, the term “smart house” was coined by the American Association of Home Builders.
Various since and technology breakthroughs were achieved during this decade namely the launching of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) into low Earth orbit in 1990, and the Human Genome Project. However, the emergence of World Wide Web (WWW) inaugurated a new chapter in the history of human achievements. WWW was first developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. It later became publicly accessible in 1991. In 1993, the first web browser (Mosaic) was introduced publicly. It enabled even amateur users to browse through the World Wide Web without requiring any special technical knowledge. Subsequently, the basic features of modern life began emerging as the result of services delivered through the Internet Page 5 of 41 namely, online shopping, banking, advertising, etc. 18% of the US population had a household Internet access by 1997. This percentage increased to 41.5% by 2000.
Then, in 1990
a challenge issued by Dan Lynch, President of the Interop Internet networking show resulted in John Romkey and Simon Hackett creating a toaster connected to, and controlled from, the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) was born.
That same year, Microsoft contributed its own version of how a smart home should look and function.Microsoft anticipated many things, such as security systems, environmental control, smart locks, and brightness control.
Ad van Berlo pioneers the field of gerontechnology – technology to improve the lives of senior citizens and the infirm.
1998 – Early 2000s – Smart Homes
Smart homes, or home automation, began to increase in popularity in the early 2000s. As such, different technology began to emerge. Smart homes suddenly became a more affordable option, and therefore a viable technology for consumers. Domestic technologies, home networking, and other gadgets began to appear on store shelves.
Continuing the History of make smart building ,The exponential growth of Internet continued during these years enabling emergent of novel developments in communication, trading, entertainment, education, etc. Internet Protocol (IP) telephony,blogs, broadband accesses, file sharing and online gaming are examples of these achievements. Data exchange of all public accessible cable networks in 2012 reached 26.7 Exabyte/month. 1 Exabyte is equivalent to 2500 times the volume of all books ever published in history. Contemporary global data exchange volume is approximately 60 Exabyte/month. The term Internet of Things (IoT) was introduced in 1999. It indicated an emerging global Internet-based information architecture facilitating the exchange of goods and services (Wood, 2015). Smart objects instrumented with sensing and interaction capabilities/identification technologies such as RFID were developed. IoT empowers smart cities. It enables integration of smart objects and real world data forming a digital world.
Operationalizing electricity from one side beside the shift of lifestyle towards spending substantial time outside on the other side promoted development of new technological devices catering for the new circumstances. This evolutionary change throughout the times is known as the development basis of smart homes (Aldrich, 2003). According to the Dingli, et al. (Dingli, & Seychell, 2015) the term smart home was officially used for the first time in 1984 by the American Association of House Builders. They created a group, named Smart House aiming to push forward inclusion of several innovative technologies into design of new houses.